The Online Wiener Archive

Wiener TAU Online Archive


The digitization project of Wiener library in Tel Aviv University, was initiated in 2015, and gives access to thousands of documents kept in the library’s archive.



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Wiener's archive collections

 

Alfred Wiener Documents Collection

Alfred Wiener Documents Collection contains original documents, collected by Dr. Wiener and his assistants from the early nineteen-thirties, during the war, and its aftermath. The documents’ subjects vary from correspondence and decrees of various Nazi agencies and Ideology to the activities, the life and the fate of Jewish associations, communities, and individuals before, during and after the Holocaust. It also contains numerous documents regarding the evolvement of modern Antisemitism, as well as racial and Nazi ideology.
 

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Hadassa Ben-Itto collection

The collection contains the documents collected by Judge Ben-Itto during years of research for her book The Lie That Wouldn't Die: The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. The documents tell the story of those who forged the Protocols distributed it around the world and used it as an antisemitic weapon. It also sheds lights on the tremendous activities of those who exposed and disproved it; with special emphasis given to the two major trials, both initiated in 1934 by Jewish communities in Switzerland and in South Africa against local Nazi distributors of the document.
 

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Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion / Protocols of the Elders of Zion

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is a fake and anti-Semitic document, detailing in 24 chapters the "Jewish plan" to take over the world. The forgery is a compilation of various publications from the nineteenth-century issued by Sergei Nilus in Russia, 1905, and since then in numerous places and languages. The collection includes documents on the origins and the evolvement of the myth and the various publications.
 

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Bern Trial collection, 1934-1935  

The Bern Trial was held in Bern, Switzerland between 1934 and 1935. The plaintiffs sued and won the Bund Nationalsozialistischer Eidgenossen (BNSE) which distributed anti-Semitic pamphlets during a meeting on June 13, 1933, organized by the National Front and the Heimatwehr in the Casino of Bern, notably "Die zionistischen Protokolle". This collection includes documents on the public and legal campaigns before and during the trial.
 

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Grahamstown Trial collection, 1934

The Grahamstown Trial (1934), was the result of a four-page document printed in the weekly newspaper Die Rapport, which was allegedly procured from the Western Road synagogue in Port Elizabeth, and signed by its rabbi Abraham Levy. The forged document was based on the Protocols, and presented the Jewish local conspiracy to attain domination over South Africa as part of a larger international plot. Rabbi Levy sued the leaders of the Nazi group "Grey Shirts Movement" for distributing the document, and won the trial.

This collection includes various types of sources: protocols from court hearings, investigation reports, letters, and newspaper clippings beginning from the late 19th century. The core of the collection comprises sources and investigation reports that formed the basis for the legal campaign led by the Jewish communities in Bern and in Port Elizabeth. Particularly noteworthy are the documents originating from Georges Brunschvig's private archive. These comprehend, among other things, the research conducted by lawyers in Russia, Germany, and France in preparation for the Bern trial.
 

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The Nazi Justice collection 

The Nazi Justice collection contains information on the judiciary in Nazi Germany and hundreds of trial transcripts. One part of the collection contains registers of convicts, laws and regulations, information on judges and attorneys, a detailed report of executions in Brandenburg (Oct. 1944 to Apr. 1945) and a list of Nazis who have worked in Auschwitz. Other parts contain trial transcripts mostly from the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia from the period of 1942 to 1945 in alphabetical order. Most trials were either held in a German (“Sondergericht”) special court and in the (“Volksgerichtshof”) people's court.


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Biographical press cuttings (1945/6-1970S)

The biographical files (close to 3,000) are arranged in alphabetical order and include information about different persons mainly not Jews in post war world; political leaders, politicians, philosophers, writers, scientists, high ranking officers (including Nazis) and more, in Israel, USA and different European countries. The material was gathered between 1945\6 and 1970s, and includes material from periodicals and press cutting, some files include biographical information.
 

The Biographical press cuttings collection  »

 

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Files on different persons and subjects 

These dossiers are the result of research enquiries received during the war. The material was culled from books, periodicals and press cuttings, so as to form reliable documentation of very specialized subjects. The dossiers have been arranged under broad subjects headings.
 

The Files on different persons and subjects collection  »

 

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The Key to the Mystery

The Key to the Mystery, or Clé du Mystère, was a highly anti-Semitic pamphlet, in shape of a 32 pages booklet, published in Canada in French and English, and distributed in several countries in Europe in the 1930s. Adrien Arcand, the leader of the fascist Canadian group Blue Shirts, was the compilator and the publisher of the booklet. By quoting distorted versions of texts that had been written by prominent Jews, the Key aimed to prove the authenticity of the theories put forward in the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. It accused the Jews of a worldwide domination plot and of communism. The files contain original booklets in French and in English, material about anti-Semitic publications, and correspondence between the Jewish Central Information Office and the South African Jewish Board of Deputies. The files also contain background research in German, compiled by Dr. Eva Reichmann from the JCIO. It comprises a copy of each article in the booklet, analyses of their main theses as well as sources cited and used, and written refutations based on verification and use of various material.
 

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The Ludwig Dische papers: Bukovina’s Jewish influence

The Ludwig Dische papers regard the history of the Bukovina before 1918, when Czernowitz was still part of the Austrian Empire. Dr. Dische was the chairman of the Committee for internal affairs (“Communicates Evreilor”) of the Jewish community in Czernowitz, Bukovina, in the war years from December 1941 to March 1944, when the Soviet army re-occupied the city. The files contain letters, drafts, bulletins, pictures, prints, newspapers clips, and information about well-known Jews from Czernowitz, as well as Dr. Dische’s personal papers. Dische gathered these materials after the Second World war, apparently for his personal research about Jewish life in the Bukovina.
 

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Supported by the Claims Conference - Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany, L’Association Française de l’Université de Tel-AvivLa Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah, and with the assistance of Yad Vashem - The World Holocaust Remembrance Center.

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